Panama Residency by marriage

Panama offers a straightforward path to Panama Residency by marriage. If you’ve recently tied the knot with a Panamanian and dream of making Panama your permanent home, you’re in luck. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the requirements and steps to help you navigate the process smoothly.

The Provisional Residence Permit for Family Reunification

Your journey toward permanent residency begins with the Provisional Residence Permit for Family Reunification. This permit is initially granted for two years, after which you can apply for permanent residency. Here’s what you need to do to get started:

Gather Your Documents

In order to request this permit, you must gather the necessary documents listed below:

  • Power of Attorney: Obtain a notarized power of attorney.
  • Passport Copy: Provide a copy of your passport, duly notarized or authenticated.
  • Criminal Background Check: You must submit a criminal background check, duly apostilled.
  • Health Certification: Provide a health certificate issued by a healthcare professional licensed in Panama.
  • Official Bank Check: Create an official bank check in the amount of $250 USD, made payable to the National Treasury.
  • Affidavit of Personal History: Complete and submit an affidavit detailing your personal background.
  • Marriage Certificate: Present your marriage certificate issued by the Civil Registry.
  • Spouse’s Birth Certificate: Include your Panamanian spouse’s birth certificate, also issued by the Civil Registry.
  • Birth Certificates for Your Children: If your children were born in Panama, please furnish their birth certificates obtained from the Civil Registry.
  • Spouse’s ID: Include a copy of your Panamanian spouse’s ID, authenticated by Cedulación.
  • Letter of Responsibility: Your Panamanian spouse should provide a notarized letter of responsibility and repatriation.
  • Evidence of Living Together: Provide documentation to support your cohabitation status, which could include a lease agreement or a utility bill.

Marriage Interview

Prepare for a marriage interview conducted by immigration officials. This interview aims to ensure the legitimacy of your marital relationship.

Provisional Residence Permit

After successfully completing the interview and submitting the necessary documents, you will receive a Provisional Residence Permit. This permit is valid for two years and represents a significant milestone on your path to obtaining permanent residency.

Permanent Residency for Family Reunification

After the initial two-year period, you can apply for Permanent Residency for Family Reunification. The process is similar to the provisional permit, with a few exceptions:

  • You will not need to provide a criminal background check or a certified check for $250 USD.
  • As of 2022, demonstrating economic solvency is also not required.

Benefits of Obtaining Residency Through Marriage

Obtaining permanent residency through marriage to a Panamanian citizen comes with several benefits:

  • You can reside indefinitely in Panama.
  • You can apply for a work permit with the Ministry of Labor immediately.
  • The work permit allows you to work for any company without the need for additional government permits.
  • You can contribute to Panama’s social security system.
  • You can apply for a tax resident certificate to avoid double taxation, if applicable.

Interview and Home Inspection

It’s important to note that the immigration department conducts thorough interviews and may inspect your home. They want to confirm that you genuinely cohabit and that there is no fraud involved in your application.


Embarking on the journey toward permanent residency in Panama as the spouse of a Panamanian citizen may appear intricate, but with proper guidance and preparation, it can evolve into a seamless process. Panama places great importance on family reunification, and the process is purposefully crafted to enable you to construct a life together in this splendid nation.

If you’re contemplating this endeavor, it’s advisable to collaborate with experts well-versed in Panamanian immigration laws. They can assist you in gathering the essential paperwork and steer you through the entire procedure, guaranteeing a successful transition to your new home.


How long does the entire process usually take?

The provisional residency permit is granted for two years, after which you can apply for permanent residency. The entire process can take several months, so it’s important to start early.

Are there any exceptions to the interview and home inspection?

If you have two children together during the marriage, the interview may be waived.

Can I apply for citizenship through this residency process?

You can apply for Panamanian citizenship after holding permanent residency for three years.

Is the economic solvency requirement mandatory for permanent residency?

As of 2022, the economic solvency requirement is not mandatory.

Can I work immediately after obtaining the provisional residence permit?

Yes, you can apply for a work

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